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European vs American roulette

La estrategia D’Alembert en la ruleta

In other articles we have addressed the different roulette strategies: Martingale, James Bond, Fibonacci or Paroli. In this article we will focus and analyze the differences between European vs American roulette.

Roulette types

Before delving into the rules and tricks to beat roulette, it is necessary to know the characteristics of each type of roulette. There are two basic types  European roulette and American roulette.

  • European- The origin of European roulette is unknown. The first information dates from the 17th century in France. However, some research considers that it was in Italy that this game was invented.
  • American- American roulette is a very similar version to the European one. In American casinos they decided to make a few modifications and create their own roulette with a more personal style.
  • French It is a version very similar to European roulette. It differs above all in the composition of the table.

european roulette and american roulette

Differences between European roulette vs American roulette

The rules of both games are very similar. However, the small differences that exist between the two are those that determine the gaming experience and the odds of winning. From Secret Casino Tips we give you all the keys to play correctly.

1. Double 0

The double 0 is without a doubt what makes the difference between the two types of roulette. How important is the number of more? Yes, playing with a double 0 gives the house a superior advantage over the player. The advantage in European roulette is not very high, it is 1/37 = 2.7%. However, in American roulette this advantage over the player is much higher, being 2/38 = 5.26%. What does it mean? Whenever you can, it is obvious to play American roulette, since the probability of losing is higher than if you play European roulette.

2. Prison rule

The Prison Rule in European roulette also allows the player to have a certain advantage. We will explain it with an example so that it is better understood. The players have bet and the ball falls into the 0 square. The players will lose the multiple bets they have made, however, the same does not happen with the single bets. These simple bets are blocked, or is the same, are held in prison. In the event that in the next round the ball lands on one of these simple bets, the money is released or recovered. That is, the player will not lose the money from the bet, but neither will he win anything. In some European casinos, instead of recovering the entire bet, only half is recovered. And in the case of American casinos, the entire bet is lost directly.

3. Five Number Bet

American roulette also has its own rule, it is none other than the Five First Bet (Five Number Bet). The numbers referred to in this rule are 0, 00, 1, 2 and 3. In the event that the ball falls into one of said numbers, the player wins 5 to 1.

4. Game table

The American game table has smaller dimensions than the European one. The mat and roulette are smaller, and there is usually only one dealer. On the other hand, in the European one up to four dealers are allowed, although the normal is two. In American roulette players can place their chips on the mat without the help of the dealer. The dealer is in charge of marking the winning number with a Dolly. On the other hand, in the European it is forbidden for players to place the chips, the dealer will always be in charge and collect the chips with a rake.

5. Arrangement of numbers

The arrangement of the numbers is completely different in both roulette wheels. It is the same with colors.

This roulette is made up of 37 numbers, numbered from 0 to 36. The sequence of numbers is as follows: 26, 3, 35, 12, 28, 7, 29, 18, 22, 9, 31, 14, 20, 1, 33, 16, 24, 5, 10, 23, 8, 30, 11, 36, 13, 27, 6, 34, 17, 25, 2, 21, 4, 19, 15 and 32.

In this type of roulette there are 38 numbers, numbered from 0 to 36 and it has double 0. The sequence is: 0, 2, 4, 35, 23, 4, 16, 33, 21, 6, 18, 31, 19 , 8, 1, 29, 25, 10, 27, 00, 1, 13, 36, 24, 3, 15, 34, 22, 5, 17, 32, 20, 7, 11, 30, 26, 9 and 28 .

6. Minimum bet

In American roulette the minimum bet is less than French roulette.


Secret advice

Now you know the main differents between european vs American roulette. What roulette to play? Personally I always choose European, since the advantage of the casino is lower and this gives more possibilities of winning. The player plays with a superior advantage that is given by two very important factors that we have explained previously: the existence of a single 0 and the prison rule. However, there are players who prefer to play American roulette because the game is much more agile and the waiting time between rounds is less.

In order to play roulette correctly, it is necessary to master the language of roulette or to know the different roulette systems that exist. Access our roulette section from here and learn all the tips and tricks of Secret Casino Tips.

In turn you can test in our Roulette Calculator the probabilities of success of your game depending on whether you make an internal or external bet.